Lymphoma and leukemia cancer

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Lymphoma and Leukemia Cancer

Lymphoma cancer - SPOC

Blood cancers will  originate in blood, bone marrow and lymph substances that interact so fluidly that the cancers that affect them share common traits and symptoms. But each blood cancer has unique properties and often requires different treatments. Their are three category of blood cancers i.e  leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma.Lymphomas are blood cancers that develop in the lymphatic system, which is part of the body’s immune system.this system – composed of lymph nodes in your neck, armpits, groin, chest, and abdomen – removes excess fluids from your body and produces immune cells. Abnormal lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell that fights infection, become lymphoma cells, which multiply and collect in your lymph nodes. Over time, these cancerous cells impair your immune system.

Lymphomas are divided into two categories: Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

The exact causes of lymphoma remain unknown; however, the following factors increase your risk of developing the disease: Older age, Having an autoimmune disease, HIV/AIDS, Diet high in meats and fat, Being exposed to certain pesticides and Hair dyes.

Symptoms of lymphoma include the following:

  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin
  • Fever
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Sweating
  • Difficulty breathing or chest pain
  • Itchy skin
  • Rash

Your doctor will perform a lymph node biopsy to diagnose lymphoma. Additional tests are then conducted to determine the stage (extent) of the lymphoma including blood tests, bone marrow biopsies, and imaging tests, such as a CT scan or PET scan. Imaging tests show whether the lymphoma has spread to other parts of your body, like the spleen and lungs. Decisions about treatment are then determined by your doctor, who will consider your age, general health, and stage and type of lymphoma. Hodgkin lymphoma is one of the most curable types of cancer.

Treatment options include the following:

  •      Chemotherapy
  •      Chemotherapy and radiation that directly targets the lymphoma
  •      Biological therapies, such as antibodies, directed at lymphoma cells
  •      Stem cell transplant

As causes of lymphoma remains unknown, there is no real way to prevent it. However, if you think you may be exhibiting signs of lymphoma, being aware of the risk factors and symptoms and talking with your doctor are critical to early diagnosis and treatment.

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